Core.NamedTupleType
NamedTuple

NamedTuples are, as their name suggests, named Tuples. That is, they're a tuple-like collection of values, where each entry has a unique name, represented as a Symbol. Like Tuples, NamedTuples are immutable; neither the names nor the values can be modified in place after construction.

Accessing the value associated with a name in a named tuple can be done using field access syntax, e.g. x.a, or using getindex, e.g. x[:a] or x[(:a, :b)]. A tuple of the names can be obtained using keys, and a tuple of the values can be obtained using values.

Note

Iteration over NamedTuples produces the values without the names. (See example below.) To iterate over the name-value pairs, use the pairs function.

The @NamedTuple macro can be used for conveniently declaring NamedTuple types.

Examples

julia> x = (a=1, b=2)
(a = 1, b = 2)

julia> x.a
1

julia> x[:a]
1

julia> x[(:a,)]
(a = 1,)

julia> keys(x)
(:a, :b)

julia> values(x)
(1, 2)

julia> collect(x)
2-element Vector{Int64}:
 1
 2

julia> collect(pairs(x))
2-element Vector{Pair{Symbol, Int64}}:
 :a => 1
 :b => 2

In a similar fashion as to how one can define keyword arguments programmatically, a named tuple can be created by giving a pair name::Symbol => value or splatting an iterator yielding such pairs after a semicolon inside a tuple literal:

julia> (; :a => 1)
(a = 1,)

julia> keys = (:a, :b, :c); values = (1, 2, 3);

julia> (; zip(keys, values)...)
(a = 1, b = 2, c = 3)

As in keyword arguments, identifiers and dot expressions imply names:

julia> x = 0
0

julia> t = (; x)
(x = 0,)

julia> (; t.x)
(x = 0,)
Julia 1.5

Implicit names from identifiers and dot expressions are available as of Julia 1.5.

Julia 1.7

Use of getindex methods with multiple Symbols is available as of Julia 1.7.

source